Windows Installer Error Codes

My team was recently working on our installer when we ran into a return code from one of our pre-requisites (specifically the Visual C++ 2015 Runtime). From the logs, we found the error code was 0x80070666 and the return code was 0x666 (a newer version of the runtime was installed). We could easily handle this scenario, but we were looking to find an extensive list of return codes for the C++ redistributables and could not easily find them. Eventually we ran across the list of MsiExec.exe and InstMsi.exe Error Messages and figured out why our searches were yielding no results. The error codes in the log files are all in hex and the error codes on the website are all in decimal. So, to help others with this in the future, here is a list of all of the error codes from that link with their hex equivalent.

Error code Value Description Hex Error Code
ERROR_SUCCESS 0 The action completed successfully. 0x0 0x80070000
ERROR_INVALID_DATA 13 The data is invalid. 0xD 0x8007000D
ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER 87 One of the parameters was invalid. 0x57 0x80070057
ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED 120 This value is returned when a custom action attempts to call a function that cannot be called from custom actions. The function returns the value ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED. Available beginning with Windows Installer version 3.0. 0x78 0x80070078
ERROR_APPHELP_BLOCK 1259 If Windows Installer determines a product may be incompatible with the current operating system, it displays a dialog box informing the user and asking whether to try to install anyway. This error code is returned if the user chooses not to try the installation. 0x4EB 0x800704EB
ERROR_INSTALL_SERVICE_FAILURE 1601 The Windows Installer service could not be accessed. Contact your support personnel to verify that the Windows Installer service is properly registered. 0x641 0x80070641
ERROR_INSTALL_USEREXIT 1602 The user cancels installation. 0x642 0x80070642
ERROR_INSTALL_FAILURE 1603 A fatal error occurred during installation. 0x643 0x80070643
ERROR_INSTALL_SUSPEND 1604 Installation suspended, incomplete. 0x644 0x80070644
ERROR_UNKNOWN_PRODUCT 1605 This action is only valid for products that are currently installed. 0x645 0x80070645
ERROR_UNKNOWN_FEATURE 1606 The feature identifier is not registered. 0x646 0x80070646
ERROR_UNKNOWN_COMPONENT 1607 The component identifier is not registered. 0x647 0x80070647
ERROR_UNKNOWN_PROPERTY 1608 This is an unknown property. 0x648 0x80070648
ERROR_INVALID_HANDLE_STATE 1609 The handle is in an invalid state. 0x649 0x80070649
ERROR_BAD_CONFIGURATION 1610 The configuration data for this product is corrupt. Contact your support personnel. 0x64A 0x8007064A
ERROR_INDEX_ABSENT 1611 The component qualifier not present. 0x64B 0x8007064B
ERROR_INSTALL_SOURCE_ABSENT 1612 The installation source for this product is not available. Verify that the source exists and that you can access it. 0x64C 0x8007064C
ERROR_INSTALL_PACKAGE_VERSION 1613 This installation package cannot be installed by the Windows Installer service. You must install a Windows service pack that contains a newer version of the Windows Installer service. 0x64D 0x8007064D
ERROR_PRODUCT_UNINSTALLED 1614 The product is uninstalled. 0x64E 0x8007064E
ERROR_BAD_QUERY_SYNTAX 1615 The SQL query syntax is invalid or unsupported. 0x64F 0x8007064F
ERROR_INVALID_FIELD 1616 The record field does not exist. 0x650 0x80070650
ERROR_INSTALL_ALREADY_RUNNING 1618 Another installation is already in progress. Complete that installation before proceeding with this install. 0x652 0x80070652
ERROR_INSTALL_PACKAGE_OPEN_FAILED 1619 This installation package could not be opened. Verify that the package exists and is accessible, or contact the application vendor to verify that this is a valid Windows Installer package. 0x653 0x80070653
ERROR_INSTALL_PACKAGE_INVALID 1620 This installation package could not be opened. Contact the application vendor to verify that this is a valid Windows Installer package. 0x654 0x80070654
ERROR_INSTALL_UI_FAILURE 1621 There was an error starting the Windows Installer service user interface. Contact your support personnel. 0x655 0x80070655
ERROR_INSTALL_LOG_FAILURE 1622 There was an error opening installation log file. Verify that the specified log file location exists and is writable. 0x656 0x80070656
ERROR_INSTALL_LANGUAGE_UNSUPPORTED 1623 This language of this installation package is not supported by your system. 0x657 0x80070657
ERROR_INSTALL_TRANSFORM_FAILURE 1624 There was an error applying transforms. Verify that the specified transform paths are valid. 0x658 0x80070658
ERROR_INSTALL_PACKAGE_REJECTED 1625 This installation is forbidden by system policy. Contact your system administrator. 0x659 0x80070659
ERROR_FUNCTION_NOT_CALLED 1626 The function could not be executed. 0x65A 0x8007065A
ERROR_FUNCTION_FAILED 1627 The function failed during execution. 0x65B 0x8007065B
ERROR_INVALID_TABLE 1628 An invalid or unknown table was specified. 0x65C 0x8007065C
ERROR_DATATYPE_MISMATCH 1629 The data supplied is the wrong type. 0x65D 0x8007065D
ERROR_UNSUPPORTED_TYPE 1630 Data of this type is not supported. 0x65E 0x8007065E
ERROR_CREATE_FAILED 1631 The Windows Installer service failed to start. Contact your support personnel. 0x65F 0x8007065F
ERROR_INSTALL_TEMP_UNWRITABLE 1632 The Temp folder is either full or inaccessible. Verify that the Temp folder exists and that you can write to it. 0x660 0x80070660
ERROR_INSTALL_PLATFORM_UNSUPPORTED 1633 This installation package is not supported on this platform. Contact your application vendor. 0x661 0x80070661
ERROR_INSTALL_NOTUSED 1634 Component is not used on this machine. 0x662 0x80070662
ERROR_PATCH_PACKAGE_OPEN_FAILED 1635 This patch package could not be opened. Verify that the patch package exists and is accessible, or contact the application vendor to verify that this is a valid Windows Installer patch package. 0x663 0x80070663
ERROR_PATCH_PACKAGE_INVALID 1636 This patch package could not be opened. Contact the application vendor to verify that this is a valid Windows Installer patch package. 0x664 0x80070664
ERROR_PATCH_PACKAGE_UNSUPPORTED 1637 This patch package cannot be processed by the Windows Installer service. You must install a Windows service pack that contains a newer version of the Windows Installer service. 0x665 0x80070665
ERROR_PRODUCT_VERSION 1638 Another version of this product is already installed. Installation of this version cannot continue. To configure or remove the existing version of this product, use Add/Remove Programs in Control Panel. 0x666 0x80070666
ERROR_INVALID_COMMAND_LINE 1639 Invalid command line argument. Consult the Windows Installer SDK for detailed command-line help. 0x667 0x80070667
ERROR_INSTALL_REMOTE_DISALLOWED 1640 The current user is not permitted to perform installations from a client session of a server running the Terminal Server role service. 0x668 0x80070668
ERROR_SUCCESS_REBOOT_INITIATED 1641 The installer has initiated a restart. This message is indicative of a success. 0x669 0x80070669
ERROR_PATCH_TARGET_NOT_FOUND 1642 The installer cannot install the upgrade patch because the program being upgraded may be missing or the upgrade patch updates a different version of the program. Verify that the program to be upgraded exists on your computer and that you have the correct upgrade patch. 0x66A 0x8007066A
ERROR_PATCH_PACKAGE_REJECTED 1643 The patch package is not permitted by system policy. 0x66B 0x8007066B
ERROR_INSTALL_TRANSFORM_REJECTED 1644 One or more customizations are not permitted by system policy. 0x66C 0x8007066C
ERROR_INSTALL_REMOTE_PROHIBITED 1645 Windows Installer does not permit installation from a Remote Desktop Connection. 0x66D 0x8007066D
ERROR_PATCH_REMOVAL_UNSUPPORTED 1646 The patch package is not a removable patch package. Available beginning with Windows Installer version 3.0. 0x66E 0x8007066E
ERROR_UNKNOWN_PATCH 1647 The patch is not applied to this product. Available beginning with Windows Installer version 3.0. 0x66F 0x8007066F
ERROR_PATCH_NO_SEQUENCE 1648 No valid sequence could be found for the set of patches. Available beginning with Windows Installer version 3.0. 0x670 0x80070670
ERROR_PATCH_REMOVAL_DISALLOWED 1649 Patch removal was disallowed by policy. Available beginning with Windows Installer version 3.0. 0x671 0x80070671
ERROR_INVALID_PATCH_XML 1650 The XML patch data is invalid. Available beginning with Windows Installer version 3.0. 0x672 0x80070672
ERROR_PATCH_MANAGED _ADVERTISED_PRODUCT 1651 Administrative user failed to apply patch for a per-user managed or a per-machine application that is in advertise state. Available beginning with Windows Installer version 3.0. 0x673 0x80070673
ERROR_INSTALL_SERVICE_SAFEBOOT 1652 Windows Installer is not accessible when the computer is in Safe Mode. Exit Safe Mode and try again or try using System Restore to return your computer to a previous state. Available beginning with Windows Installer version 4.0. 0x674 0x80070674
ERROR_ROLLBACK_DISABLED 1653 Could not perform a multiple-package transaction because rollback has been disabled. Multiple-Package Installationscannot run if rollback is disabled. Available beginning with Windows Installer version 4.5. 0x675 0x80070675
ERROR_INSTALL_REJECTED 1654 The app that you are trying to run is not supported on this version of Windows. A Windows Installer package, patch, or transform that has not been signed by Microsoft cannot be installed on an ARM computer. 0x676 0x80070676
ERROR_SUCCESS_REBOOT_REQUIRED 3010 A restart is required to complete the install. This message is indicative of a success. This does not include installs where the ForceReboot action is run. 0xBC2 0x80070BC2

Any installer that uses standard MSI technology will likely use these same error codes(i.e the Microsoft C++ redistributables (vcredist_x86.exe, vcredist_x64.exe)).

Image Credit: zenilorac via Creative Commons


Sending a Project to the C# Interactive Window in VS 2015 Update 2

Visual Studio 2015 Update 2 is currently in release candidate was just released and one of the cool new features is the ability to send a project to the C# interactive window.

This allows you to right click on a project and send it to the interactive window and then utilize the classes and methods in that project from the interactive window. This can be very useful if you just want to do some quick prototyping or testing of your methods.

To enable this functionality, right click on your project and select the Initialize Interactive With Project menu item.


You’ll see it build your project and then add all of the dependencies and the project as a reference to the interactive window.

> #reset
Resetting execution engine.
Loading context from 'CSharpInteractive.rsp'.
> #r "C:\Program Files (x86)\Reference Assemblies\Microsoft\Framework\.NETFramework\v4.5.1\System.dll"
> #r "C:\Program Files (x86)\Reference Assemblies\Microsoft\Framework\.NETFramework\v4.5.1\System.Core.dll"
> #r "C:\Program Files (x86)\Reference Assemblies\Microsoft\Framework\.NETFramework\v4.5.1\System.Xml.Linq.dll"
> #r "C:\Program Files (x86)\Reference Assemblies\Microsoft\Framework\.NETFramework\v4.5.1\System.Data.DataSetExtensions.dll"
> #r "C:\Program Files (x86)\Reference Assemblies\Microsoft\Framework\.NETFramework\v4.5.1\Microsoft.CSharp.dll"
> #r "C:\Program Files (x86)\Reference Assemblies\Microsoft\Framework\.NETFramework\v4.5.1\System.Data.dll"
> #r "C:\Program Files (x86)\Reference Assemblies\Microsoft\Framework\.NETFramework\v4.5.1\System.Net.Http.dll"
> #r "C:\Program Files (x86)\Reference Assemblies\Microsoft\Framework\.NETFramework\v4.5.1\System.Xml.dll"
> #r "ConsoleApplication1.exe"
> using ConsoleApplication1;

My console application has an Add method in the Baz class. To use it, I can simply do the following:

> Baz.Add(4,5)

As you can see, this new functionality is moving closer to what is available in the F# interactive window and I hope to see more developers grab onto this functionality to improve their development workflows, as it can really change the way you work.

Image Source: Jeff Kubina via Creative Commons


Searching and Filtering Tests in Test Explorer

If you take a quick glance at the Test Explorer window in Visual Studio 2015, you might not notice all of the power that you have in that little window. To start, there is a grouping icon, that allows you to group your tests by various properties. The grouping is a great way to get common tests together so you can easily select them and run them in test explorer.


You have the option to group by:

Group By Description
Class This will group by the class name to which the test belongs. Note: This is not the fully qualified class name, so if you have multiple classes in different namespaces with the same name, they will be hard to differentiate.
Duration This will group by the duration of the last test run. It uses 3 categories when grouping (Fast < 100ms, Medium > 100ms, and Slow > 1 sec).
Outcome This will group by the outcome of the last run of the tests. It uses 3 categories when grouping (Passed Tests, Failed Tests, and Skipped Tests).
Traits This will group tests based on the TestCategory, Owner, Priority, and TestProperty attributes assigned to tests. Note: Tests can have multiple trait attributes assigned to them and thus a single test could appear multiple times in this view.
Project This will group tests by the project to which they belong.

While the grouping is nice, the real power in this dialog is the search feature. From the documentation, you can search on the following:

Qualifier Description
Trait Searches both trait category and value for matches. The syntax to specify trait categories and values are defined by the unit test framework.
Project Searches the test project names for matches.
Error Message Searches the user-defined error messages returned by failed asserts for matches.
File Path Searches the fully qualified file name of test source files for matches.
Fully Qualified Name Searches the fully qualified file name of test namespaces, classes, and methods for matches.
Output Searches the user-defined error messages that are written to standard output (stdout) or standard error (stderr). The syntax to specify output messages are defined by the unit test framework.
Outcome Searches the Test Explorer category names for matches: Failed Tests, Skipped Tests, Passed Tests.

Let’s take an example. Say I have the following tests in my system (implementations removed for brevity):

public async Task TestMethodNone()

[TestMethod, TestCategory("Unit")]
public async Task TestMethodUnit()

[TestMethod, TestCategory("DAL"), TestCategory("Unit")]
public async Task TestMethodDALUnit()

[TestMethod, TestCategory("DAL"), TestCategory("Unit")]
public async Task TestMethodDALUnit2()

[TestMethod, TestCategory("DAL"), TestCategory("Integration")]
public async Task TestMethodADALIntegration()

If I group by trait and don’t filter anything, then I’ll see the following tests:


Next, I could filter the tests by specifying I only want tests with the Unit trait. The search term would be Trait:"Unit":


I can also filter to only show tests that are both DAL and Unit tests by using the search term Trait:"Unit" Trait:"DAL":


If I want to exclude tests with a given attribute, I could exclude all DAL tests by using the minus symbol, so my search term would be Trait:"Unit" -Trait:"DAL":


You can also pair this with other searchable attributes on the tests. So, after a test run, if I want to find all unit tests that failed, I could use the search term Trait:"Unit" Outcome:"Failed":


As you can see, the grouping and filtering available to you in the Test Explorer window is pretty robust; it just takes a little time to dig into it and learn the syntax. The Run unit tests with Test Explorer article on MSDN gives a lot of good information on this topic and is a worthwhile read if you are using this window in your day to day work. Thanks to William Custode for asking a question on StackOverflow that gave me inspiration for this blog post.

Image Credit: Alberto G. via Creative Commons


Editing Files on your Azure Hosted WordPress Site

I host this blog on Windows Azure using WordPress. There have been times where I needed to edit my web.config file or manually remove some plugins that were causing trouble. After searching around quite a bit, I found that the easiest way to do this is to use Visual Studio Online to edit the files in my hosted site.

To start, you need to add the Visual Studio Online extension to your Web App. To do this, select the tools option from your Web App and select the Extensions menu in the Develop section.


Next, select the Add button to add a new extension.


Select Choose Extension and find the Visual Studio Online extension.


Once installed, you can then select the Visual Studio Online extension from the Extensions view and select the Browse button. This will launch a new window from which you can explore the contents.


For, example, you can select and open your web.config file and quickly make changes to it.


I have found this tool useful a few times, allowing me to enable woff files and to enable SSL on all pages. Hopefully you find it as useful as I do.


What does Environment.OSVersion return on Windows 10?

Unfortunately, the answer is, it depends.

Consider the following code:


Depending how you execute the code, you may get differing results:

Visual Studio Version Project Type Output
2015 Update 1 Console App Microsoft Windows NT 6.2.9200.0
2015 Update 1 Unit Test Microsoft Windows NT 10.0.10586.0
2015 (No update 1) Console App Microsoft Windows NT 6.2.9200.0
2015 (No update 1) Unit Test Microsoft Windows NT 6.2.9200.0

So, how can we get our console application to be consistent with the test application in VS 2015 update 1? The key is manifest files. According to the Operating System Version documentation:

For applications that have been manifested for Windows 8.1 or Windows 10. Applications not manifested for Windows 8.1 or Windows 10 will return the Windows 8 OS version value (6.2). To manifest your applications for Windows 8.1 or Windows 10, refer to Targeting your application for Windows.

So we can add a manifest file to our console application to specify Windows 10 compatibility:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<assembly manifestVersion="1.0" xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v1">
  <assemblyIdentity version="" name="MyApplication.app"/>
  <compatibility xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:compatibility.v1">
      <!-- Windows 10 -->
      <supportedOS Id="{8e0f7a12-bfb3-4fe8-b9a5-48fd50a15a9a}" />

Now, when we run the console application, we get the output of Microsoft Windows NT 10.0.10586.0

So, what changed in Visual Studio 2015 Update 1? This is speculation, but I am guessing they added a manifest to the executable the runs the unit tests behind the scenes, which caused the Environment.OSVersion to return the new value for Windows 10. As the documentation states:

Identifying the current operating system is usually not the best way to determine whether a particular operating system feature is present. This is because the operating system may have had new features added in a redistributable DLL. Rather than using the Version API Helper functions to determine the operating system platform or version number, test for the presence of the feature itself.

So, if you plan on using Enivronment.OSVersion in the future, be sure to understand the different values it could return depending on how the code is hosted.

Image Credit Les Haines via Creative Commons

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